39 USC Sec. 3210 01/03/2012 (112-90)

39 USC Sec. 3210 01/03/2012 (112-90)

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 39 – POSTAL SERVICE

PART IV – MAIL MATTER

CHAPTER 32 – PENALTY AND FRANKED MAIL

-HEAD-

Sec. 3210. Franked mail transmitted by the Vice President, Members

of Congress, and congressional officials

-STATUTE-

(a)(1) It is the policy of the Congress that the privilege of

sending mail as franked mail shall be established under this

section in order to assist and expedite the conduct of the official

business, activities, and duties of the Congress of the United

States.

(2) It is the intent of the Congress that such official business,

activities, and duties cover all matters which directly or

indirectly pertain to the legislative process or to any

congressional representative functions generally, or to the

functioning, working, or operating of the Congress and the

performance of official duties in connection therewith, and shall

include, but not be limited to, the conveying of information to the

public, and the requesting of the views of the public, or the views

and information of other authority of government, as a guide or a

means of assistance in the performance of those functions.

(3) It is the intent of the Congress that mail matter which is

frankable specifically includes, but is not limited to –

(A) mail matter to any person and to all agencies and officials

of Federal, State, and local governments regarding programs,

decisions, and other related matters of public concern or public

service, including any matter relating to actions of a past or

current Congress;

(B) the usual and customary congressional newsletter or press

release which may deal with such matters as the impact of laws

and decisions on State and local governments and individual

citizens; reports on public and official actions taken by Members

of Congress; and discussions of proposed or pending legislation

or governmental actions and the positions of the Members of

Congress on, and arguments for or against, such matters;

(C) the usual and customary congressional questionnaire seeking

public opinion on any law, pending or proposed legislation,

public issue, or subject;

(D) mail matter dispatched by a Member of Congress between his

Washington office and any congressional district offices, or

between his district offices;

(E) mail matter directed by one Member of Congress to another

Member of Congress or to representatives of the legislative

bodies of State and local governments;

(F) mail matter expressing congratulations to a person who has

achieved some public distinction;

(G) mail matter, including general mass mailings, which

consists of Federal laws, Federal regulations, other Federal

publications, publications purchased with Federal funds, or

publications containing items of general information;

(H) mail matter which consists of voter registration or

election information or assistance prepared and mailed in a

nonpartisan manner;

(I) mail matter which constitutes or includes a biography or

autobiography of any Member of, or Member-elect to, Congress or

any biographical or autobiographical material concerning such

Member or Member-elect or the spouse or other members of the

family of such Member or Member-elect, and which is so mailed as

a part of a Federal publication or in response to a specific

request therefor and is not included for publicity purposes in a

newsletter or other general mass mailing of the Member or Member-

elect under the franking privilege; or

(J) mail matter which contains a picture, sketch, or other

likeness of any Member or Member-elect and which is so mailed as

a part of a Federal publication or in response to a specific

request therefor and, when contained in a newsletter or other

general mass mailing of any Member or Member-elect, is not of

such size, or does not occur with such frequency in the mail

matter concerned, as to lead to the conclusion that the purpose

of such picture, sketch, or likeness is to advertise the Member

or Member-elect rather than to illustrate accompanying text.

(4) It is the intent of the Congress that the franking privilege

under this section shall not permit, and may not be used for, the

transmission through the mails as franked mail, of matter which in

its nature is purely personal to the sender or to any other person

and is unrelated to the official business, activities, and duties

of the public officials covered by subsection (b)(1) of this

section.

(5) It is the intent of the Congress that a Member of or Member-

elect to Congress may not mail as franked mail –

(A) mail matter which constitutes or includes any article,

account, sketch, narration, or other text laudatory and

complimentary of any Member of, or Member-elect to, Congress on a

purely personal or political basis rather than on the basis of

performance of official duties as a Member or on the basis of

activities as a Member-elect;

(B) mail matter which constitutes or includes –

(i) greetings from the spouse or other members of the family

of such Member or Member-elect unless it is a brief reference

in otherwise frankable mail;

(ii) reports of how or when such Member or Member-elect, or

the spouse or any other member of the family of such Member or

Member-elect, spends time other than in the performance of, or

in connection with, the legislative, representative, and other

official functions of such Member or the activities of such

Member-elect as a Member-elect; or

(iii) any card expressing holiday greetings from such Member

or Member-elect; or

(C) mail matter which specifically solicits political support

for the sender or any other person or any political party, or a

vote or financial assistance for any candidate for any public

office.

The House Commission on Congressional Mailing Standards and the

Select Committee on Standards and Conduct of the Senate shall

prescribe for their respective Houses such rules and regulations

and shall take such other action, as the Commission or Committee

considers necessary and proper for the Members and Members-elect to

conform to the provisions of this clause and applicable rules and

regulations. Such rules and regulations shall include, but not be

limited to, provisions prescribing the time within which such

mailings shall be mailed at or delivered to any postal facility to

attain compliance with this clause and the time when such mailings

shall be deemed to have been so mailed or delivered and such

compliance attained.

(6)(A) It is the intent of Congress that a Member of, or Member-

elect to, Congress may not mail any mass mailing as franked mail –

(i) if the mass mailing is postmarked fewer than 60 days (or,

in the case of a Member of the House, fewer than 90 days)

immediately before the date of any primary election or general

election (whether regular, special, or runoff) in which the

Member is a candidate for reelection; or

(ii) in the case of a Member of, or Member-elect to, the House

who is a candidate for any other public office, if the mass

mailing –

(I) is prepared for delivery within any portion of the

jurisdiction of or the area covered by the public office which

is outside the area constituting the congressional district

from which the Member or Member-elect was elected; or

(II) is postmarked fewer than 90 days immediately before the

date of any primary election or general election (whether

regular, special, or runoff) in which the Member or Member-

elect is a candidate for any other public office.

(B) Any mass mailing which is mailed by the chairman of any

organization referred to in the last sentence of section 3215 of

this title which relates to the normal and regular business of the

organization may be mailed without regard to the provisions of this

paragraph.

(C) No Member of the Senate may mail any mass mailing as franked

mail if such mass mailing is postmarked fewer than 60 days

immediately before the date of any primary election or general

election (whether regular, special, or runoff) for any national,

State or local office in which such Member is a candidate for

election.

(D) The Select Committee on Ethics of the Senate and the House

Commission on Congressional Mailing Standards shall prescribe for

their respective Houses rules and regulations, and shall take other

action as the Committee or the Commission considers necessary and

proper for Members and Members-elect to comply with the provisions

of this paragraph and applicable rules and regulations. The rules

and regulations shall include provisions prescribing the time

within which mailings shall be mailed at or delivered to any postal

facility and the time when the mailings shall be deemed to have

been mailed or delivered to comply with the provisions of this

paragraph.

(E) As used in this section, the term “mass mailing” means, with

respect to a session of Congress, any mailing of newsletters or

other pieces of mail with substantially identical content (whether

such mail is deposited singly or in bulk, or at the same time or

different times), totaling more than 500 pieces in that session,

except that such term does not include any mailing –

(i) of matter in direct response to a communication from a

person to whom the matter is mailed;

(ii) from a Member of Congress to other Members of Congress, or

to Federal, State, or local government officials; or

(iii) of a news release to the communications media.

(F) For purposes of subparagraphs (A) and (C) if mail matter is

of a type which is not customarily postmarked, the date on which

such matter would have been postmarked if it were of a type

customarily postmarked shall apply.

(7) A Member of the House of Representatives may not send any

mass mailing outside the congressional district from which the

Member was elected.

(b)(1) The Vice President, each Member of or Member-elect to

Congress, the Secretary of the Senate, the Sergeant at Arms of the

Senate, each of the elected officers of the House of

Representatives (other than a Member of the House), the Legislative

Counsels of the House of Representatives and the Senate, the Law

Revision Counsel of the House of Representatives, and the Senate

Legal Counsel, may send, as franked mail, matter relating to their

official business, activities, and duties, as intended by Congress

to be mailable as franked mail under subsection (a)(2) and (3) of

this section.

(2) If a vacancy occurs in the Office of the Secretary of the

Senate, the Sergeant at Arms of the Senate, an elected officer of

the House of Representatives (other than a Member of the House),

the Legislative Counsel of the House of Representatives or the

Senate, the Law Revision Counsel of the House of Representatives,

or the Senate Legal Counsel, any authorized person may exercise the

franking privilege in the officer’s name during the period of the

vacancy.

(3) The Vice President, each Member of Congress, the Secretary of

the Senate, the Sergeant at Arms of the Senate, and each of the

elected officers of the House (other than a Member of the House),

during the 90-day period immediately following the date on which

they leave office, may send, as franked mail, matter on official

business relating to the closing of their respective offices. The

House Commission on Congressional Mailing Standards and the Select

Committee on Standards and Conduct of the Senate shall prescribe

for their respective Houses such rules and regulations, and shall

take such other action as the Commission or Committee considers

necessary and proper, to carry out the provisions of this

paragraph.

(c) Franked mail may be in any form appropriate for mail matter,

including, but not limited to, correspondence, newsletters,

questionnaires, recordings, facsimiles, reprints, and

reproductions. Franked mail shall not include matter which is

intended by Congress to be nonmailable as franked mail under

subsection (a)(4) and (5) of this section.

(d)(1) A Member of Congress may mail franked mail with a

simplified form of address for delivery within that area

constituting the congressional district or State from which the

Member was elected.

(2) A Member-elect to the Congress may mail franked mail with a

simplified form of address for delivery within that area

constituting the congressional district or the State from which he

was elected.

(3) A Delegate, Delegate-elect, Resident Commissioner, or

Resident Commissioner-elect to the House of Representatives may

mail franked mail with a simplified form of address for delivery

within the area from which he was elected.

(4) Any franked mail which is mailed under this subsection shall

be mailed at the equivalent rate of postage which assures that the

mail will be sent by the most economical means practicable.

(5) The Senate Committee on Rules and Administration and the

House Commission on Congressional Mailing Standards shall prescribe

for their respective Houses rules and regulations governing any

franked mail which is mailed under this subsection and shall by

regulation limit the number of such mailings allowed under this

subsection

(6)(A) Any Member of, or Member-elect to, the House of

Representatives entitled to make any mailing as franked mail under

this subsection shall, before making any mailing, submit a sample

or description of the mail matter involved to the House Commission

on Congressional Mailing Standards for an advisory opinion as to

whether the proposed mailing is in compliance with the provisions

of this subsection.

(B) The Senate Select Committee on Ethics may require any Member

of, or Member-elect to, the Senate entitled to make any mailings as

franked mail under this subsection to submit a sample or

description of the mail matter to the Committee for an advisory

opinion as to whether the proposed mailing is in compliance with

the provisions of this subsection.

(7) Franked mail mailed with a simplified form of address under

this subsection –

(A) shall be prepared as directed by the Postal Service; and

(B) may be delivered to –

(i) each box holder or family on a rural or star route;

(ii) each post office box holder; and

(iii) each stop or box on a city carrier route.

(8) For the purposes of this subsection, a congressional district

includes, in the case of a Representative at Large or

Representative at Large-elect, the State from which he was elected.

(e) The frankability of mail matter shall be determined under the

provisions of this section by the type and content of the mail

sent, or to be sent.

(f) Any mass mailing which otherwise would be permitted to be

mailed as franked mail under this section shall not be so mailed

unless the cost of preparing and printing the mail matter is paid

exclusively from funds appropriated by Congress, except that an

otherwise frankable mass mailing may contain, as an enclosure or

supplement, any public service material which is purely

instructional or informational in nature, and which in content is

frankable under this section.

(g) Notwithstanding any other provision of Federal, State, or

local law, or any regulation thereunder, the equivalent amount of

postage determined under section 3216 of this title on franked mail

mailed under the frank of the Vice President or a Member of

Congress, and the cost of preparing or printing such frankable

matter for such mailing under the frank, shall not be considered as

a contribution to, or an expenditure by, the Vice President or a

Member of Congress for the purpose of determining any limitation on

expenditures or contributions with respect to any such official,

imposed by any Federal, State, or local law or regulation, in

connection with any campaign of such official for election to any

Federal office.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 91-375, Aug. 12, 1970, 84 Stat. 754; Pub. L. 92-51, Sec.

101, July 9, 1971, 85 Stat. 132; Pub. L. 93-191, Sec. 1(a), Dec.

18, 1973, 87 Stat. 737; Pub. L. 94-177, Dec. 23, 1975, 89 Stat.

1032; Pub. L. 95-521, title VII, Sec. 714(a), Oct. 26, 1978, 92

Stat. 1884; Pub. L. 97-69, Secs. 1-3(a), 4, Oct. 26, 1981, 95 Stat.

1041-1043; Pub. L. 97-263, Sec. 1(1), (2), Sept. 24, 1982, 96 Stat.

1132; Pub. L. 101-163, title III, Sec. 318, Nov. 21, 1989, 103

Stat. 1067; Pub. L. 101-520, title III, Secs. 311(h)(1), 316, Nov.

5, 1990, 104 Stat. 2280, 2283; Pub. L. 102-392, title III, Sec.

309(a), Oct. 6, 1992, 106 Stat. 1722; Pub. L. 104-197, title I,

Sec. 102(a), Sept. 16, 1996, 110 Stat. 2401; Pub. L. 109-435, title

X, Sec. 1010(g)(4), Dec. 20, 2006, 120 Stat. 3262.)

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

2006 – Subsec. (a)(6)(C). Pub. L. 109-435 substituted “is

postmarked fewer” for “is mailed fewer”.

1996 – Subsec. (a)(6)(A)(i). Pub. L. 104-197, Sec. 102(a)(1),

inserted “(or, in the case of a Member of the House, fewer than 90

days)” after “60 days”.

Subsec. (a)(6)(A)(ii)(II). Pub. L. 104-197, Sec. 102(a)(2),

substituted “90 days” for “60 days”.

1992 – Subsec. (a)(7). Pub. L. 102-392, Sec. 309(a)(1),

substituted “from which the Member was elected” for “of the Member,

except that –

“(A) a Member of the House of Representatives may send mass

mailings to any area in a county, if any part of the county

adjoins or is inside the congressional district of the Member;

and

“(B) in the case of redistricting, on and after the date

referred to in subsection (d)(1)(B), a Member of the House of

Representatives may send mass mailings to the additional area

described in that section”.

Subsec. (d)(1). Pub. L. 102-392, Sec. 309(a)(2), struck out

subpar. (A) designation, substituted “the Member” for “he” and a

period for “; and”, and struck out subpar. (B) which read as

follows: “with respect to a Member of the House of Representatives

on and after the date on which the proposed redistricting of

congressional districts in his State by legislative or judicial

proceedings is initially completed (whether or not the

redistricting is actually in effect), within any additional area of

each congressional district proposed or established in such

redistricting and containing all or part of the area constituting

the congressional district from which he was elected, unless and

until the congressional district so proposed or established is

changed by legislative or judicial proceedings.”

1990 – Subsec. (a)(6)(E). Pub. L. 101-520, Sec. 311(h)(1),

amended subpar. (E) generally. Prior to amendment, subpar. (E) read

as follows: “For purposes of this section, the term ‘mass mailing’

means newsletters and similar mailings of more than five hundred

pieces in which the content of the matter mailed is substantially

identical but shall not apply to mailings –

“(i) which are in direct response to communications from

persons to whom the matter is mailed;

“(ii) to colleagues in the Congress or to government officials

(whether Federal, State, or local); or

“(iii) of news releases to the communications media.”

Subsec. (a)(7). Pub. L. 101-520, Sec. 316, added par. (7).

1989 – Subsec. (a)(6). Pub. L. 101-163, Sec. 318(3), which

directed the substitution of “is postmarked fewer” for “is mailed

fewer” in subparagraph (c) of subsec. (a)(6) of this section, was

not executed because subsec. (a)(6) does not have a subparagraph

(c). See 2006 Amendment note above.

Subsec. (a)(6)(A)(i), (ii)(II). Pub. L. 101-163, Sec. 318(1),

(2), substituted “is postmarked fewer” for “is mailed fewer”.

Subsec. (a)(6)(F). Pub. L. 101-163, Sec. 318(4), added subpar.

(F).

1982 – Subsec. (b)(1), (2). Pub. L. 97-263 inserted reference to

Law Revision Counsel of House of Representatives.

1981 – Subsec. (a)(3)(F). Pub. L. 97-69, Sec. 1, struck out

provision relating to mail matter expressing condolences to a

person who has suffered a loss.

Subsec. (a)(5). Pub. L. 97-69, Sec. 2(a), inserted provision

relating to brief references in otherwise frankable mail in subpar.

(B)(i), and struck out subpar. (D) which related to mass mailing

mailed at or delivered to any postal facility less than 28 days

immediately before the date of any primary or general election in

which the Member or Member-elect was a candidate for public office.

See subsec. (a)(6) of this section.

Subsec. (a)(6). Pub. L. 97-69, Sec. 2(b), added par. (6).

Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 97-69, Sec. 3(a), substituted “Congress” for

“the House” in provisions of par. (1) preceding subpar. (A),

substituted “congressional district or State” for “congressional

district” in par. (1)(A), inserted “with respect to a Member of the

House of Representatives” after “(B)” in par. (1)(B), substituted

“Congress” for “House of Representatives” and “congressional

district or the State” for “congressional district” in par. (2),

added pars. (4), (5), and (6), and redesignated former pars. (4)

and (5) as (7) and (8), respectively.

Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 97-69, Sec. 4(a), struck out provisions

under which the cost of preparing or printing mail matter which was

frankable under this section could be paid from any funds,

including but not limited to funds collected by a candidate or a

political committee required to file reports of receipts and

expenditures under the Federal Election Campaign Act of 1971

(Public Law 92-225), or from voluntary newsletter funds, or from

similar funds administered or controlled by a Member or by a

committee organized to administer such funds.

Subsecs. (f), (g). Pub. L. 97-69, Sec. 4(b), added subsec. (f)

and redesignated former subsec. (f) as (g).

1978 – Subsec. (b)(1), (2). Pub. L. 95-521 inserted reference to

Senate Legal Counsel.

1975 – Subsec. (b)(1). Pub. L. 94-177, Sec. 1(a), struck out

“and” before “each of the elected officers”, and “until the 1st day

of April following the expiration of their respective terms of

office” after “(other than a Member of the House)”.

Subsec. (b)(3). Pub. L. 94-177, Sec. 1(b), added par. (3).

1973 – Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 93-191 added subsec. (a). Former

first sentence provided in part for franked mail (1) matter, not

exceeding 4 pounds in weight, upon official or departmental

business, to a Government official, and (2) correspondence, not

exceeding 4 ounces in weight, upon official business to any person.

Subsec. (b)(1). Pub. L. 93-191 incorporated part of former first

sentence in provisions designated as subsec. (b)(1), substituted

reference to elected officers of House of Representatives (other

than a Member of House) for former references to Clerk of House of

Representatives and the Sergeant at Arms of House of

Representatives, included reference to Legislative Counsel of

Senate, substituted the 1st day of April for the thirtieth day of

June, and substituted internal reference to subsec. (a)(2) and (3)

of this section for former provision respecting franked mail (1)

matter, not exceeding 4 pounds in weight, upon official or

departmental business, to a Government official, and (2)

correspondence, not exceeding 4 ounces in weight, upon official

business to any person.

Subsec. (b)(2). Pub. L. 93-191 incorporated former second

sentence in provisions designated as subsec. (b)(2), substituted

provision respecting vacancy in Office of an elected officer of

House of Representatives (other than a Member of House) for former

provision respecting vacancy in office of Clerk of House of

Representatives and Sergeant at Arms of House of Representatives

and included provision for vacancy in Office of Legislative Counsel

of Senate.

Subsecs. (c) to (f). Pub. L. 93-191 added subsecs. (c) to (f).

1971 – Pub. L. 92-51 inserted reference to Legislative Counsel of

House of Representatives.

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1996 AMENDMENT

Section 102(b) of Pub. L. 104-197 provided that: “The amendments

made by subsection (a) [amending this section] shall take effect on

October 1, 1996, and shall apply with respect to any mailing

postmarked on or after that date.”

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1992 AMENDMENT

Section 309(b) of Pub. L. 102-392 provided that: “The amendments

made by subsection (a) [amending this section] shall take effect on

the date of the enactment of this Act [Oct. 6, 1992].”

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1990 AMENDMENT

Amendment by section 311(h)(1) of Pub. L. 101-520 applicable with

respect to sessions of Congress beginning with the first session of

the One Hundred Second Congress, see section 59e(i) of Title 2, The

Congress.

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1981 AMENDMENT

Section 3(b) of Pub. L. 97-69 provided that: “This section

[amending this section] shall become effective 120 days after the

date of enactment of this Act [Oct. 26, 1981].”

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1978 AMENDMENT

Amendment by Pub. L. 95-521 effective Jan. 3, 1979, see section

717 of Pub. L. 95-521, set out as an Effective Date note under

section 288 of Title 2, The Congress.

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1973 AMENDMENT

Section 14 of Pub. L. 93-191 provided that:

“(a) Except as provided in subsection (b) of this section, the

provisions of this Act [enacting section 3219 of this title and

sections 501 and 502 of Title 2, The Congress, amending this

section, sections 3206, 3211, 3212, 3215, 3216, and 3218 of this

title, and sections 733 and 907 of Title 44, Public Printing and

Documents, and repealing section 277 of Title 2] shall become

effective on the date of enactment of this Act [Dec. 18, 1973].

“(b) The provisions of section 3214 of title 39, United States

Code, as amended by section 4 of this Act; and the provisions of

subsection (b) of section 3216 of title 39, United States Code, as

amended by section 7 of this Act, shall take effect as of December

27, 1972.”

SEPARABILITY

Section 15 of Pub. L. 93-191 provided that: “If a provision of

this Act [enacting section 3219 of this title and sections 501 and

502 of Title 2, The Congress, amending this section, sections 3206,

3211, 3212, 3214 to 3216, and 3218 of this title, and sections 733

and 907 of Title 44, Public Printing and Documents, and repealing

section 277 of Title 2] is held invalid, all valid provisions

severable from the invalid provision remain in effect. If a

provision of this Act is held invalid in one or more of its

applications, such provision remains in effect in all valid

applications severable from the invalid application or

applications.”

MASS MAILINGS BY SENATORS

Pub. L. 103-283, title I, Secs. 5, 6, July 22, 1994, 108 Stat.

1427, provided that:

“Sec. 5. Effective October 1, 1994, each of the figures contained

in section 506(b)(3)(A)(iii) of the Supplemental Appropriations

Act, 1973 (2 U.S.C. 58(b)(3)(A)(iii)) is increased by $50,000:

Provided, That, in any fiscal year beginning with fiscal year 1995,

a Senator may use funds provided for official office expenses, but

not to exceed $50,000, for mass mailing, as defined in section

6(b)(1) and all such mass mailings shall be under the frank.

“Sec. 6. (a) This section shall apply to mailings by Senators,

made during fiscal year 1995 and each fiscal year thereafter in

addition to any other law relating to the use of the franking

privilege.

“(b) For the purposes of this paragraph –

“(1) the term ‘mass mailing’ –

“(A) means, with respect to a session of Congress, a mailing

of more than 500 newsletters or other pieces of mail with

substantially identical content (whether such mail is deposited

singly or in bulk, or at the same time or different times), but

“(B) does not include a mailing –

“(i) of matter in direct response to a communication from a

person to whom the matter is mailed;

“(ii) to other Members of Congress or to a Federal, State,

or local government official;

“(iii) of a news release to the communications media;

“(iv) of a town meeting notice, but no such mailing may be

made fewer than 60 days immediately before the date of any

primary election or general election (whether regular,

special, or runoff) for any Federal, State, or local office

in which a Member of the Senate is a candidate for election;

or

“(v) of a Federal publication or other item that is

provided by the Senate to all Senators or made available by

the Senate for purchase by all Senators from official funds

specifically for distribution.

“(c) Except as provided in section 5, a Senator may not mail a

mass mailing under the frank.

“(d) The Senate Committee on Rules and Administration shall

prescribe rules and regulations and take other action as the

Committee considers necessary and proper for Senators to comply

with this section and regulations.”

Section 316(a), formerly section 316(a), (b), of Pub. L. 101-163,

as renumbered and amended by Pub. L. 101-520, title III, Sec.

311(h)(3), Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 2280; Pub. L. 102-392, title

III, Sec. 308(a), Oct. 6, 1992, 106 Stat. 1722, provided that:

“Effective January 1, 1990, a mass mailing (as defined in section

3210(a)(6)(E) of title 39, United States Code) by a Senator shall

be limited to 2 sheets of paper (or their equivalent), including

any enclosure that –

“(1) is prepared by or for the Senator who makes the mailing;

or

“(2) contains information concerning, expresses the views of,

or otherwise relates to the Senator who makes the mailing.”

[Section 308(b) of Pub. L. 102-392 provided that: “The amendments

made by subsection (a) [amending section 316(a) of Pub. L. 101-163,

set out above] shall take effect on October 1, 1992.”]

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